Que cada amanhecer do seu dia,
Nasça uma flor...
Que cada sorriso teu,
Seja as pétalas que torna
essa flor mais completa.
Que cada pensamento positivo,
Seja o caule que a sustenta ...
Que cada passo pra vitória ,
Seja a terra que a alimenta ...
Que cada gesto teu,
Seja o sol que fornece energia,
E que o brilho dos teus olhos,
Seja a beleza e a simplicidade desta flor...
Que me embriaga com seu perfume
E me encanta com seu carisma...
Esta flor que desabrocha em seus pensamentos
E me transforma em você...
Uma flor que vai permanecer intacta,
Às mais diferentes épocas,
Aos mais inesperados destinos...
Uma flor que nunca vou permitir morrer!!!

"Saudade nada mais

é que a

prova de que o

passado valeu a pena".

sábado, 14 de maio de 2011


Method of calculating the fabric needed for smocking done by joining two points- 

"Leaf design"


Measurement of the cushion= 40 cm x 40 cm.
Size of the squares on which 
smocking is done= 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm

Two columns of squares marked with 
diagonals are worked together while smocking. 
These form one column of smocked design. 
These columns are separated by columns 
of gaps on which smocking is not done.
Two columns of diagonals are separated
by one column of gap. These are
repeated to get the measurement we need.
Last two columns should be
of columns with diagonals.
So there will be even numbers of smocked
columns and gaps will one less.
In the above design square which are 
marked green are the squares on 
which smocking is done.
Draw a square of side 2.5 cm and measure
its diagonal. If we are accurate 
it will be 3.535. Let us take 3.5 cm.
After smocking 4 squares of the
first column (filled with red stripes) the 
width will be half of the diagonal that is 1.75 cm.
The length will be equal to the
diagonal of the square that is 3.5 cm.
There will be no change in the 
measurement of gaps
Keeping this calculation as basis 
we have to find out the number of 
squares we have to mark in each row 
and how many rows we need to 
get the size of cushion we need.


Width of 2 smocked squares + 1 gap
= 1.75 cm + 2.5 cm =4.25 cm .By dividing
the width of the cushion by 4.25.
40/4.25 = 9.41
We have to repeat the design
9 times 4.25 x 9= 38.25
Last column of smocked squares =1.75 cm
So we need 10 pairs of columns marked 
with diagonals separated by 9 columns of gaps.
We have to mark 29 squares in each row
Width of these squares after smocking will be
1.75 cm x 10 no’s =17.5 cm
Width of 9 gaps =2.5 cm x 9 =22.5 cm
2.5 cm border added on each side for
seams and for wastage while stitching.
2.5 c m x 2 no’s =5 cm
Total =17.50 cm +22.50 cm + 5 c m= 45 cm.


After smocking 2 rows will be equal to
the diagonal of the square we are working on.
Length of 2 rows after smocking =3.5 cm
Divide length of the cushion 40 cm by 3.5 cm
40/3.5 cm= 11. We have to repeat
these two rows 11 times.
We have to mark 22 rows.
2.5 cm border is added on each side
for seams and for wastage while smocking.

Material needed

Width= (2.5 cm x 29) + 5 cm =77.5 cm
Length= (2.5 cm x 22 rows) + 5 cm = 60 cm
In the same way you can calculate the 
material needed for cushions of different 
sizes and of different designs .If you 
change the measurement of the square 
of the graph calculate the diagonal 
accordingly and proceed.

following the above graph

Canadian smocking by joining 2 points Shell design 


Shell pattern

In shell pattern two dots are connected with 
pulled stitches which are knotted and 
separated by a slack knotted stitch.
Mark squares of 2 .5 cm x 2.5 cm on the
wrong side of the fabric. Mark the red 
diagonal lines that represents pulled
stitch. Mark the numbers 1,2,3,4,....while learning, 
as it will be easier to follow the diagram.
.Stitch with 3 strands of Anchor thread of 
the colour that matches the fabric. Folds look 
good if satin material is used.Follow the steps
and stitch all the rows.2 rows of the squares
are used at a time.  I have explained them 
with images. please see below.



How to do Canadian smocking 



In Canadian smocking folds are created by
pulled stitches alternated by slack stitches 
at equal intervals using a grid of dots 
as guide line. Usually it is worked on the
reverse of the fabric except for ” The flower “design.
When fabric is gathered from the back side
beautiful pattern is formed in the front .
This type of smocking is not as elastic as
English smocking. Beautiful cushions and
bags can be prepared with this type of 
smocking. Canadian smoking is also 
called North American smocking and
Lattice smocking. This type of smocking is
very quick and easy to do . The neatness 
of the work depends upon the grid of dots
that is marked on the fabric. I prefer to
draw square graph of required dimension.
It is easy to draw squares of required width
by using ruler of the same width. That is if you
want to draw squares of 2” use a scale of 2” wide.

Preparation of the fabric

Step 1

Iron and remove wrinkles if there are any.
A margin of required width is left by 
drawing margin lines on all the four 
sides of the fabric using a tailor's chalk.
Now we have to mark squares of required width.
Step 2

Use a scale of required width and
draw parallel lines to the margin of one side.

Step 3

In the same manner draw 
perpendicular lines
Thus the fabric is divided in to squares 
of required width.I prefer to produce the
lines beyond the margin lines as
it helps while finishing the work.
Now the fabric is ready to smock.

In Canadian smocking folds 
can be created in three ways.

1. By joining two points
2. By joining three points and
3. by joining 4 points.

Further variations can be made under
each method by changing size of the square, 
by leaving gaps between rows or 
columns and by drawing rectangle grid
instead of square grid. Using flower type
stitch in-between.In my next post I will explain the
method of smocking various designs.


Method of making square 

cushions with Canadian smocking

Canadian smocking is not as complicated
  as it appears. Precession is very important.
Satin which is not too shiny is suitable for this. 
It can also  be done on any thick material. 
If it is done on thin materials 
embossed effect will not stay long.
Follow the following steps to 
stitch a cushion of your choice
Measure the size of the cushion.
Decide the size of the squares in the graph.
Select the design.
Calculate the material needed.
Press the material so 
that there no wrinkles.
Check whether the adjacent sides 
of the material  are perpendicular to one another .
If they are not correct them.
Fix the cloth on a table with sticky
tapes all around so that wrong side is on the top. 
Draw graph of squares of your choice.
Do not forget to leave borders all around.

 I bought 45 cm long and 4 cm wide 
plastic scales and got them 
cut along the length into 2 cm, 2.5cm , 
3 cm  and  3.5 cm wide pieces .
I feel 2 cm x 2 cm graph gives good finish.

Zigzag the edges or else the thread 
coming out of the edges hinders our work.
Smock the design  of your 
choice column by column.
There will be pleats all around the design. 
Arrange the pleats in an order 
according to 
the design.  here  I have shown 
you how 
pleats can be arranged for 
different designs 
Check the size of the 
smocked piece 
tack the pleats in place.  
This takes a little time.
Later on these stitches can be removed.

The lines in the graph also  help us 
while making pleats. 
I prefer giving lining to the smocked material.

This is front side of the cushion cover. 
Using matching cloth for the back stitch the cushion cover.


The method of making round cushion.

part 2 Continued from older posts........


The method of making round 

cushion with Canadian smocking part 1